Live Many Lives in One Lifetime
And, August has arrived with a reminder of donating organs to the needy people who are struggling with their lives just because of a non-functional or partially non-functional organ.
Donating organ is considered as recycling your own life. You can live several lifetimes by donating your healthy organs to the needy people. When you die, your organs don’t go with you and hence it’s better to donate them and save a valuable life.
Understanding Organ Donation?
Organ Donation is a process of transplanting a healthy or partially healthy organ of a living or deceased person in the body of a recipient. There are many myths associated with the organ donation process. It is not mandatory that only healthy people can donate their organs. The fact is, people with various medical conditions or medical history are eligible to donate their organs. However, the conditions like Cancer, HIV and severe infection in any part of the body which is affecting the organ restrict the donation process.
You can not only donate your organs but your tissues will be happily accepted as well if you are eligible for the donation. There is a big misconception that old or aged people are not eligible for the donation. This is not true. Donation of organs is accomplished regardless of the age. Every organ is precious for every struggling life. The donated organ/organs are matched first and then transplanted into the suitable recipient’s body. Usually, the organ donation is a free of cost process. Your organ is worth more than a billion dollars. You are saving a life donating your organ and nothing can match its price.
Types of Organ Donation
There are majorly two types of organ donation
Living Donation - A major part of the organ donation is done when the donor has deceased. But, some parts like lungs, kidneys and tissues work best if donated by a live person who is declared brain dead.
Deceased Donation - When a person has registered for organ donation when alive, his organ/organs or a part of organ is transplanted into the recipient’s body.
There are other types of organ donation as well including cornea donation, tissue donation, blood stem donation, bone marrow donation and research purpose donation. All the nations don’t have similar laws related to organ donation. There are some restrictions related to some specific organ donation in some nations.
Body Parts that are Commonly Donated
The most commonly donated body parts are -
Laws Related to Organ Donation in India
All the organ donations are regulated by THOA or Human Organs Act in India. Until 1954, only kidney transplant was legit in India. With time, different organs entered the scenario. According to the Act, it is mandatory that there is an adept team of 4 doctors for brain death declaration of the donor. This declaration is needed to be done twice in 6 hours. Two of the doctors declaring brain death must be from a Government appointed medical panel. The other mandatory regulations include –
The transplant of liver and pancreas must be done within 12 hours of the retrieval
For kidneys, the transplant duration is 24 hours from the retrieval
For lungs and heart, 6 hours is the mandatory transplantation duration from the retrieval time
4 degree Celsius ice chamber environment is mandatory for the retrieved organs that are to be transplanted
Donation done under three categories – blood relatives, spouses and out of affection donors
Advantages like lifetime free medical check-up and life insurance policy is provided by the government to the donar
No Money exchange between recipient and donor
Affidavit needed in the case of out of affection donors
Non-availability of local donor to foreigners
Informing donor’s family is essential before proceeding with the process considering donor’s wish
Penalty for illegal organ removal
The healthcare sector is India is yet to see its golden days but advanced treatments at reasonable prices are in existence at present. Organ donation is an angelic deed and one must go for it keeping the myths aside. Your organs will be of no use after your death if they are not retrieved in a specific duration and transplanted in matched and waiting recipient’s body. Follow your heart and the government guidelines and save a life this Organ Donation Day.
Register yourself as a DONOR here