Lung cancer is nothing but an unrestrained growth of uncharacteristic cells which are out of one’s domain of expertise. It is the leading cause of deaths in countries like United States and UK, where both men and women are equally prone to this unforgiving death trap. According to the recent survey, as compared to the other types of cancers such as Breast Cancer, Blood Cancer etc, lung cancer is considered to be the most fatal one. Smoking has proven to be a major contributor where, men and women who smoke are 23 times more likely to suffer from lung cancer as compared to the rest.
It is a type of malignant tumor that affects the cells of the lungs, and it can metastasize or spread from the lungs to various other parts of the human body. Lung cancer is a potentially fatal disease but curable too.
Types of Lung Cancer
Any cancer originating in the lung cells is termed as primary lung carcinoma.
Lung cancer can be of two distinct types:
Small-cell lung cancer is the type that originates in and affects the glandular cells of the outer part of the lungs.
Non-small-cell lung cancer originates and affects the cells in the bronchial lining at the center of the lungs.
Treatment of Lung Cancer
How exactly a lung cancer is treated depends completely upon the type of lung cancer it is and the stage of malignancy.
Usually, small-cell lung cancer is treated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy whereas its non-small-cell version is treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy or various combinations of two or more of these. Lung carcinoid tumors are treated with surgery, but it depends on which type of a tumor it is - resectable or unresectable.
Some of the commonly used methods to treat lung cancer are as follows –
Lobectomy (removal of an entire lobe of a lung)
Segmentectomy (removal of the entire portion of the lung actually afflicted by cancer, though an entire lobe cannot be removed)
Pneumonectomy (removal of the entire lung if the tumor is too close to the center of one’s chest)
Wedging (removal of just the tumor and a marginal surrounding normal lung portion)
Radiofrequency ablation (insertion of a small needle into the malignant tumor and destroying the cancer cells with electrical current)
Lung Cancer Treatment in India
India has been proven to have some of the world's best hospitals, specifically for cancer treatment. Over the years, innumerable international patients have preferred Indian cancer research and medical institutes for themselves to avail the leading technology, best experts, and positive outcomes at a relatively affordable cost. Some of the premium cancer institutes in India have become a hotbed for international cancer patients with lung cancer and its varied related complications and chronic issues. International agencies mostly accredit these hospitals as they offer world-class oncology care and personalized post-treatment care.
In Northern India
In the country’s capital city of Delhi located in the NCR area is the Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute which is considered the best cancer institute in India. It has some of the best experts, oncologists and the latest and highly advanced technology used by RGCIRC. The institute provides an effective blend of radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery and several other procedures, depending on the patient’s unique requirement. They are also famous for a good post-treatment support and care.
In Delhi, there’s another stand-alone Cancer Superspeciality Clinic called the Dharamshila Narayana. The premium Superspeciality institute uses a diverse range of advanced procedures and state-of-the-art technology to treat lung cancer.
In Southern India
The Adyar Cancer Hospital in Chennai, Tamil Nadu was founded in 1954, and it offers both preventive facilities and research for cancer. It is well-equipped with the latest technologies for cancer treatment. The facility has its own tobacco stoppage programs, telemedicine services, and departments like preventative oncology, medical oncology, surgical oncology, radiation oncology, nuclear medicine, etc.
In Telangana, the American Oncology Institute (AOI) conducts cancer diagnosis using some of the most sophisticated cancer research technology and equipment in both India and the US. These include the MRI SYSTEM with a stunningly accurate 3D motion correction, the discovery 600 4D CET/CT, the MRI 1.5 Tesla, the 3D Mammogram and HDR brachytherapy.
In Western Zone
In the financial capital of India, Mumbai, the Tata Memorial Hospital serves as one of the famous cancer care hospitals of Asia. It offers facilities like radiology, chemotherapy, and cancer-investing nuclear medicine scan, CT scan, Ultrasound scan, MRI, PET scan, etc. It also has services such as preventative oncology care, telepathology, and telemedicine.
Besides these top names, there are also some other renowned Cancer Specialty hospitals in India such as the Oncology department of Fortis Hospital, Mumbai, the Cytecare Cancer Hospital in Bangalore and many more.
In India, lung cancer treatment costs anywhere around Rs. 3,50,000 - 12,00,000. This is about 5000-18000 USD. The exact cost depends upon the kind of surgery and drugs being used, and also on whether or not radiotherapy is being used.
Every year, countless patients from all over the world, especially Asia, Canada, US, and the Middle East fly to India to avail the country’s highly effective and specialized cancer treatment facilities in addition to taking advantage of the best oncology experts within an affordable, highly accessible and approachable environment, offering personalized care.